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Soccer Referee Questions on Soccer Rules
Welcome to -- a Soccer Law Question and Answer site. Providing answers to questions regarding soccer laws since October 11, 1999... to ask a question simply click on Ask the Ref in the menu bar and pose your question and the panel will reply. Those who have ideas or articles please feel free to contact the editor Richard Dawson at with suggestions.

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Law 11 - Offside 6/21/2021

RE: Youth-Adult, recreational and competitive

Barry Stewart of Chilliwack, BC Canada asks...

Re: Placement of the free kick on offside calls. Sorry, but I couldn't find an answer for this in a search here.

We know it's not an offence to simply BE in an offside position... therefore where does the offence occur? In other fouls (outside the penalty area) free kicks are spotted where the offence happened.

Example: an attacker is 10 yards behind the second-last defender, who is at the half line. A lobbed pass goes to the defending corner and the offside player runs and contacts the ball.

Flag goes up. "Tweet!"

Has the AR stayed at the half-line, to mark where the offside line was at the time of the pass - or has the AR run down the line, to follow the ball?

Is the free kick spotted...

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Law 13 - Free Kicks 6/21/2021

RE: Rec Adult

James Pendarvis of HOLLYWOOD, MD - Maryland United States asks...

High Kick within the penalty area.

The defending team is in their penalty area and commits a High Kick infraction.

A normal high kick restart would be an in-direct free-kick. Does this change to a penalty kick when the infraction is within the 18 yrd box?...

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Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 6/21/2021

RE: rec

sal of Chicago, Illinois United States asks...

In the video I've included, do you see a PK or no call.

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Law 5 - The Referee 6/21/2021

RE: Adult

Bob of HARROGATE, North Yorkshire England asks...

In the Euros, the match between Croatia and Czech republic, there was an incident in the penalty area, when Lovran unfortunatly clashed with an opposing player, the player went down and needed medical treatment. After which surely he should have gone off the pitch to be invited back on by the referee, during his treatment the incident turned into a penalty, (by VAR) the player did not leave the pitch, and got up and was allowed to take (and score) the penalty kick. Am I missing something or was this just WRONG...

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Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 6/19/2021

RE: Competitive High School

Paul Weaver of Napier, Hawke’s Bay New Zealand asks...

Blue player falls over during play in the centre circle and lies on the ball trapping it between and under his legs. Green opposition player tries to kick it out connecting with both ball and Blue player’s legs, no doubt, several times until I blew the whistle to stop the absurdity of the situation. However I wasn’t sure what to award so gave a free kick to Green after settling them both down and provoking a handshake between players. However the Blue player was aggrieved that the free kick went to Green as he was the one with bruises on his legs despite the fact that he had sat on the ball like an idiot.
Would it have been better to award a est it? Would probably been a fairer outcome???...

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Law 11 - Offside 6/19/2021

RE: Competitive Adult

James D Young of AUSTIN, TX United States asks...

In the Euro 2021 game against Germany, Ronaldo was in an offside position when the pass was made to Jota, who controlled the ball and passed to Ronaldo for the the goal. Why is Ronaldo's initial offside position not considered in evaluating the legality of the goal?...

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Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 6/19/2021

RE: Amateur Adult

Graham Durbin of Derby, UK asks...

Why is the law which states that an indirect free kick should be awarded if the goalkeeper controls the ball for more than 6 seconds with his hands universally ignored?
Pickford clearly held the ball for 25 seconds in England's recent match v.Croatia. How does it happen that every ref. ignored this offence? It can only happen with the agreement of the whole hierarchy of football, right to the very top. So why is does law still still exist?...

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Law 8 - The Start and Restart of Play 6/19/2021

RE: competive Adult

Shaun of Melbourne, Quensland Australia asks...

Based on laws of the game 20/21:   
For every kick-off: # all players, except the player taking the kick-off, must be in their own half of the field of play # the opponents of the team taking the kick-off must be at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball until it is in play
Does that mean all players, except the player taking the kick off, must be outside the centre circle? 
or the kick-off team's players, can be inside the semicircle?...

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Law 5 - The Referee 6/17/2021

RE: competive Adult

Shaun Cosy of melbourn, Australia asks...

If referee stop the game for a 50/50 challenge or for an injury, how referee can re-start the game with a dropped ball, if it is not clear who touched the ball last?
(since the ball has to be dropped to the team who has possession of the ball)
Thanks ...

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Law 11 - Offside 6/14/2021

RE: Select High School

Matt of Bristow, VA USA asks...

Two possible causes -

The AR moved before he raised his flag. Perhaps there was a IDFK offense after the CK.

Also, maybe he moved because both he and the referee were focused on the PA and they had a quick chat asking whether there was an offside offense and decided (wrongly and belatedly) to call it.

Ironically, I just had a chat with two ARs and sometimes the hardest thing to see is the player right in front of you because you're focused on the offside line in the middle of the field.

Third possibility - play was stopped for the player leaving the pitch and the referee decided not to issue a caution.


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