Soccer Rule Referee Resources
Ask a Question
Recent Questions

Previous You-Call-It's

VAR (Video Assistant Referee)

Q&A Quick Search
The Field of Play
The Ball
The Players
The Players Equipment
The Referee
The Other Match Officials
The Duration of the Match
The Start and Restart of Play
The Ball In and Out of Play
Determining the Outcome of a Match
Fouls and Misconduct
Free Kicks
Penalty kick
Throw In
Goal Kick
Corner Kick

Common Sense
Kicks - Penalty Mark
The Technical Area
The Fourth Official
Attitude and Control
League Specific
High School

Common Acronyms
Meet The Ref
Contact AskTheRef
Help Wanted
About AskTheRef

Soccer Rules Changes 1580-2000

Panel Login

Soccer Referee Questions on Soccer Rules
Welcome to -- a Soccer Law Question and Answer site. Providing answers to questions regarding soccer laws since October 11, 1999... to ask a question simply click on Ask the Ref in the menu bar and pose your question and the panel will reply. Those who have ideas or articles please feel free to contact the editor Richard Dawson at with suggestions.

Over the past 20 years we have amassed tens of thousands of questions & answers but the LOTG always change and/or portions no longer apply. Be SURE to reread the latest version IFAB 2020 - 2021 LOTG
Laws of the Game can be viewed here
COVID reccomendations

You Call It!

After two years and many request - You Call It is back! Now it's your turn to test your knowledge in a scenario created by our panel of referees. If your answer is spot on we will publish it on our site! Good luck click here!

Kicks From The Penalty mark 9/13/2021

RE: Varsity High School

Derek of Cary, IL USA asks...

Penalty kicks to determine a winner:
One team only has 9 available players at the end of regulation/OT. If I am reading the rulebook right, 1 player from the first 5 kicks can take a second kick during the next 5 kicks, and could take either the 6th or 10th kick or any in between. If it is still tied after 10 kicks, could that 1 player take his third kick during the next 5 kicks, or does the rest of the team need to have their second kick before or during the set of 5 kicks with the 1 player who takes his third?

The rule states that the coach must select 5 players who did not take a kick in the previous set of kicks, but can choose players who did in order to fill the remainder of the 5 slots. Does this mean that if a team...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 9/13/2021

RE: 7 Adult

ray JOSEPH sharman of broughton astley, leicestershire United Kingdom asks...

when and is it acceptable to charge an opponent...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 7 - The Duration of the Match 9/11/2021

RE: Travel Under 17

Lawrence (Laurie) Judd of LOVETTSVILLE, VA United States asks...

End of the first half, into time added on and Team A is on the attack. Now game time is over but Team A is still attacking. Not wanting to blow for the end of the half as Team A is at the edge of Team B penalty area, play goes on and there is a definite foul - but was it in the area or just outside? Blow for the foul, consult with AR, we both agree that it was outside. If it was a penalty, we would add time and take the PK. But this is now a DFK outside the area and time is already up (actually over the stoppage time). What to do? Add time for the DFK or just blow for half time? I did the latter (coach not happy) but I have no ability to add time for a DFK within the rules. Thoughts?...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 15 - The Throw In 9/11/2021

RE: All Other

MATTHEW J PLODINEC of BRISTOW, VA United States asks...

This is both a follow-up and a new question. I've seen the foot on the FOP infraction in two recent cases - the field is a multi-sport field and the player went to the wrong line (agree that the ref team SHOULD warn) and the thrower is taking a quick throw at an acute angle down the line. Because he/she is focusing on the quick throw they fail to check the position of their feet.

New question and I apologize if it's been asked before...Law 15 states "on" or behind the line. Reading this an inexperienced referee might disallow a throwin where the heel was off the ground but in the vertical plane above the line. I generally like the generic way in which the laws are written but this seems to be one case in which a bit of speci...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 10 - Determining the Outcome of a Match 9/10/2021

RE: Adult

Philip Conde of Gwynfryn, Wrexham, Denbighshire United Kingdom asks...

What would the situation be if a match went to a penalty shoot out and one of the teams had had a player sent of during normal or extra time. If the penalty shoot out went to sudden death and the first ten players on each side scored who would take the eleventh penalty for team that was down to ten men. Thanks Phil ...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 14 - The Penalty kick 9/9/2021

RE: Adult

Crebs Crem of Zagreb, Croatia asks...


In the following scenario, what should be the correct decision given by the referee?

Team A has won a penalty kick. Just before player A10 takes the penalty kick, player A2 commits a misconduct against his/her opponent in midfield. The AR sees the misconduct but before he/she warns the CR, player A10 takes the penalty kick, the ball is saved and sent out for a corner kick by the keeper. Then, the AR warns CR that A2 has committed a misconduct against his/her opponent just before the ball is in play.

As far as I know, if a misconduct happens before the ball is in play, the play restarts according to the previous decision. However, in such a case the previous restart is a penalty kick in favour of team...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 16 - The Goal Kick 9/4/2021

RE: Under 19

Larry of Danville, CA USA asks...

Peter, with much respect I have to disagree that law 16 is clearly written. It does clearly state that “The ball is in play when it is kicked and clearly moves”. However it then states “If an opponent who is in the penalty area when the goal kick is taken, or enters the penalty area before the ball is in play, …”. Now isn’t that the exact same thing? Why add the “or” phrase?

It then continues the above quote with “… touches or challenges for the ball before it is in play, the goal kick is retaken.” So if a player is in the penalty area and challenges for the ball before it is kicked, i.e. in play, (something I have never seen) you retake a kick that has not happened yet. Clear as mud.

The question still remains as to w...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 9/3/2021

RE: Recreational Adult

Ben of WARWICK, United Kingdom asks...

A striker is about to shoot in the penalty box. A defender dives in to block but the striker cuts outside him leaving him on the floor. He then goes to shoot but the defender on the floor stretches out his arms along the ground to block the shot. the striker cuts to the right again and then his shot his blocked off and the chance has gone.

The striker claims penalty as the defender blocked his shots with his hands and no attempt to play the ball with is feet. The defender says no penalty as the ball never actually touched his hands.

What is the correct decision?

This happened to me recently (I was the striker) and was fuming! Surely this comes under bad sportmanship / bringing game in to disrepute at the le...

Read The Full Q & A

Law 16 - The Goal Kick 9/2/2021

RE: competitive Under 19

Jim of trinity, FL US asks...

Goal kicks opponents are to be outside the penalty area but if an opponent is in the pen area and the keeper plays the ball to his teammate is that OK? If not OK does the ref allow play to continue, or have the kick retaken, or something else? Thanks,

Read The Full Q & A

Other 9/1/2021

RE: REC Adult

MARV of Bowmanville, Ontario Canada asks...

Regarding the question from Referee Dawson...I have a copy of the 1998 LOTG (Green Book). The Infringement /Sanctions section of Law 14 reads:

"If the referee gives the signal for a penalty kick to be taken and, before the ball is in play, one of the following situations occurs:

A team-mate of the player taking the kick enters the penalty area or moves in front of or within 10 yards of the penalty mark:

-the referee allows the kick to proceed
-if the ball enters the goal the kick is retaken
-if the ball does not enter the goal the kick is not retaken
-if the ball rebounds from the goalkeeper, the crossbar or goalpost and is touched by this player, the referee stops play and restarts the match ...

Read The Full Q & A Educating and Amusing The Soccer Referee Since October 11, 1999

Soccer Referee Extras
Friday, September 17, 2021

Recent Questions

Click Go to view all recently posted questions

Offside Question?

Offside Explained by Chuck Fleischer & Richard Dawson, Former & Current Editor of AskTheRef

Did you Ask the Ref? Find your answer here.

Enter Question Number

If you received a response regarding a submitted question enter your question number above to find the answer